Introduction For Business Law Assignment Answers

Posted on by Mumi

Law school is… different, and so is the approach to answering problem based questions. The IRAC method will help you structure your exams and essays, so forget everything you currently know about answering questions and take a read!

What does IRAC mean?

  • Issue: identify the issue.
  • Rule: state the rule/law.
  • Analysis: discuss the law in respect to the facts.
  • Conclusion: provide your conclusion.

Contents

Don’t be deceived – it’s harder than it looks

It looks pretty simple, right? Don’t get me wrong, the idea behind IRAC is as simple as things can get – the difficulty is in the execution.

An easy way to explain IRAC is to talk about the things that are most likely to trip you up when using it.

Don’t write an introduction

We are taught during high school and most university courses to rehash the facts or situation as part of an introduction for any answer we give.

At law school, a problem based question simply doesn’t need one. Instead, just write down the issue as a question or a statement. For example: “the issue in this situation is whether plaintiff’s title to the property is indefeasible.” That’s it – now move on to the rule section.

I remember writing a short introduction in a problem based assignment (which I thought was different to an exam, for some unknown reason) even when the lecturer told us not to! In my defence it was early on in my first year (fine – second half of my first year).

A problem that many law students face is failing to adapt to the academic environment of law school. It takes time to reverse old habits and realise that an introduction is no longer necessary.

Don’t pad your answer

Answers in law school should be concise and relevant – the IRAC method will assist, but you still need to consider everything you write down and query whether its relevant. Fluff and padding will not help your marks and will not make up for the fact that you don’t know what you’re talking about. Save the extra words for those 7,500 and 10,000 word essays!

Being concise is particularly important in exams when you have time limits to separate students into into credit, distinction and high distinction categories. Expressed bluntly, you can’t bullshit your way through a legal question.

This is enforced by lecturers by imposing low word limits. A 3,000 word assignment might sound like a lot before you start but most people will find themselves at the end scrambling to delete words.

Word limits are also used to identify students who understand the most important concepts and reward them for it. You will always get the most marks if you:

  • can identify the key issues (relevance); and
  • are able to thoroughly consider the issues for each (being concise).

This might mean you need remove any discussion of minor ancillary issues, even if what you wrote is correct.

For example, a 30 mark essay capped at 1500 words might in fact have 40 marks available, depending on what your response is. This generally gives the lecturers some scope when marking papers. However, you would need to write far more than 1500 words to discuss all the issues to get all those marks, which is obviously not allowed.

Write on point and with precision and you will increase your chances to score full marks.

Don’t revisit your answer in your conclusion

Don’t rewrite your answer in your conclusion section. Your conclusion is essentially a “yes” or “no” response to the issue (eg “the plaintiff’s title to the property is not indefeasible”). Similar to the issue section, limit it to one sentence and spend your effort on the far more important analysis section – this is where all the marks lie.

Be flexible with the rule and analysis sections, and structure your answer to help the reader

The ideal question to answer is one where the various issues you need to discus and explain are entirely separate from one another and your structure is literally: issue; rule; analysis; and conclusion (perhaps repeated three or four times). You might get a few of these in an exam, but unfortunately, they are not in abundance!

Most questions, will have overlapping issues and this is where structure becomes very important. For written essays and assignments you will have time to plan this out properly. In exams, it will come down to practice, so make sure you run through as many practice exams as you can to find out the best structure for any particular question (exam topics are frequently repeated so you can figure out what will be on your exam early).

The IRAC method is not for all types of questions

You might have already picked it up, but the IRAC method works best with problem based questions. If you’ve got a “discuss the the advantages and disadvantages of indefeasibility in property law” kind of question, then first of all I feel genuinely sorry for you, and secondly, you will need to find another way to answer this question.

IRAC answer examples

It’s easier to explain this method if by looking at an example IRAC answer. The below examples are very brief and don’t go into much caselaw detail, but they should suffice for a general example.

I have chosen the first one from criminal law because this is usually taught early on in most degrees. The second is in a different post on exam scripts, and is from a key area in contract law.

The words in [square brackets] or in italics are to indicate [structure] or are just general commentary and would not be included in your answer.

Criminal law IRAC example – Murder/manslaughter

[Exam heading] Murder

[Exam heading] Issue

  • Did D commit murder?
  • Can prosecution charge D with murder?

[Exam heading] Law and Analysis

  • [Exam heading] (a) Mens Rea
    • (State the law)
    • (This is the analysis) In this situation,  [there is insufficient evidence of intention]
  • [Exam heading] (b) Actus reus
    • (State the law)
    • (This is the analysis) Here, it is clear that D’s actions were voluntary, and that the act caused the death of V.
    • (Still the analysis) It could be argued that [act] was actually [something else], and therefore should not be considered voluntary. This was argued in [key case], however here, [the other important factor in key case] was not present, which means that any argument from D that actus reus is not made out is unlikely.
    • (I can’t remember much of crim, but usually an exam question will have a factual scenario that plays on the facts of a key case. For example, in this question there might be something in the facts which requires you to discuss how the “voluntary” act is similar or different to a voluntary act in the key case. Refer to it and make a conclusion. If the chief examiner is particularly cruel, they will blend a factual scenario from two key cases, and you will need to refer to both and make a call on what is more applicable.)

[Exam heading] Conclusion

  • D unlikely to be charged with murder. While there is sufficient evidence for actus reus, there is no mens rea.

(You will now want to determine whether D can be charged with a lesser office based on a different mens rea. To make the best use of time, refer back to what you have already written in the murder section.

Just as a warning – only refer back to things in the same answer. Sometimes, different questions in an exam booklet will be marked by different people. They might not have time to skip back to a different question to find something you have written.)

[Exam heading] MANSLAUGHTER

[Exam heading] Issue

  • Can D be charged with manslaughter?

[Exam heading] Law and Analysis

  • [Exam heading] (a) Mens rea
    • The mens rea for manslaughter is… (as I said above, it’s been a looooong time since I studied criminal law. I have no idea what elements should go here. Recklessness?? Also, surely law students learn that this is the “fault element” now?)
    • In this situation… (apply facts)
  • [Exam heading] (b) Actus reus
    • The elements for manslaughter are the same as for murder. These have been discussed above and are present in this situation.

[Exam heading] Conclusion

  • D is likely to be charged with manslaughter as fault and external elements are all present.

(Part of your job is to make life easy for the marker. That’s the great thing about IRAC – it provides an ideal structure to frame your answer around. However, when you don’t need to write much then the structure can feel very forced. If you think your answer is going to look a bit stupid, just put everything in the one paragraph, but make sure you stick to the IRAC structure. See the below paragraph for an example.)

[Alternative manslaughter IRAC section]

(Issue) As murder is unlikely to be found, an alternative charge of manslaughter should be considered. (The following is law and analysis for actus reus) The actus reas for manslaughter is identical to murder, and is therefore present, as discussed above. (Next up, law and analysis for mens rea) However, the mens rea is different. The mens rea for manslaughter is…. [state law, discuss]. (Conclusion) Therefore, it is likely/unlikely that D will be charged with manslaughter.

Contract law IRAC example – termination of contracts

In my post on exam scripts you will find an IRAC example for termination of contracts. It’s from one of my old exam scripts and is a little more detailed than the above example for criminal law.

Want some help with a practice exam question?

If you have a practice exam question that you’re working on and you would like a second set of eyes taking a look, email me a copy of the exam (or upload it using the contact form below) and I’ll see if I can work through it. (I won’t look at any current essay questions you’re working on – speak to your class mates about those.)

Cheers!

If you found this helpful, please share it around!

examsnote takingstudy techniques

What is Business Law Assignment? Describe with Sample and Example

Law students often face problem while writing a business law assignment. Sample law assignments are given to students to come up with possible solutions to a legal dispute. A legal dispute involves two parties who might have had a disagreement over a business transaction which typically involves monetary obligations. Students often find such business law samples and examples challenging because the situations are tricky and involve a careful application of legal statutes. Fortunately, the legal team at MyAssignmenthelp.com can help such students to write business law assignments and case studies.

 

What is a business law?

A legal case study involving a dispute is often given to a law student in order for him or her to come up with a legal solution. A business law dispute involves two parties over a dispute regarding a contract, a sale, a merger, a contract etc. Here are some business law case samples with possible solutions:

Sample Business Law Cases: Case No 1

The Case

A lady named Jenny received a circular from Beauty and the Beast Hair Salon. It had advertised massages and manicures for 10 dollars. Jenny was pleasantly shocked when she saw the deal. She realized that it was a lucrative deal. However, she was not surprised since they had just opened and wanted to attract new customers. When Jenny arrived at the salon, she was told that there was a mistake in the circular and the amount would be 100 dollars and not 10 dollars. The manager of the salon explained that this was still a good price because normally a massage and manicure would have cost $150.

Jenny was livid as it had taken her 30 minutes to drive down, the cost of which when added to the manicure cost would still be more than 100 dollars. As a lawyer give legal advice to Jenny. Would your advice be any different if she was told about the price after she had taken the massage and manicure?

The Solution

When a seller places some information about his products in the form of a catalogue or a circular and invites others to buy the products, then it is considered as an ‘invitation to treat’ (a contract law term which means a person is willing to negotiate) In such cases, the buyer makes an offer to buy and upon the acceptance of such offer by the seller, an enforceable agreement can arise.

We can refer to an old legal precedent in this case: In the matter of Harris v Nickerson (1873) L.R. 8 Q.B. 286 there was an advertisement of sale by the defendant through auction. The plaintiff saw the advertisement and reached to the place of auction. He came to know after reaching the auction site that the auction has been cancelled and thus brought an action against the defendant. It was held by the court of law that the advertisement notice was just an ‘invitation to treat’. Hence, the plaintiff cannot claim his travel expenses from the defendant.

The circular of Beauty and Beast Hair Salon is an ‘invitation to treat’ on which Jenney acted and made a booking. She came to know the real price upon reaching the salon and thus had an option to either reject or avail their services. She would have paid $ 100 if she got the massage and manicure done by the salon without knowing the price. In that case, the transaction would have been a legally binding contract.

However, since she already knew the real price and had a choice, the mere placing of the ad could not have been considered as a legally binding contract. In the second scenario, she could have just paid 10 dollars as quoted in the newspaper. But since, she already had a choice and decided to exercise it rationally, we cannot argue that there has been any legal violation.

Sample Business Cases: Case Number 2

The Case

Once, a charity auction was taking place. Bruce who was extremely drunk went to the auction and under the influence of alcohol made a successful bid. It was apparent to the auctioneer that Bruce did not know what he was doing. Meanwhile, Bruce sobered up and accepted having made a bid. However, later on, he refused to fulfill the obligations of his contract. Give legal advice to Bruce.

The Solution

We have with us a legal contract which was entered into by two people: one who was in his senses and was legally bound to fulfill his contract and another person who was not fully in his senses and was not legally bound to his contract. Here the auctioneer was in his full senses to understand the terms of the contract while the buyer was drunk and as such was not in a position to fulfill the legal obligations.

The general rule about legal contract is that any person can enter into a contract but he has to have the mental capacity and intellectual maturity to understand the terms and conditions of it. The principle of contractual law stipulates mental lucidity to be an abiding feature of the both the contractor and the contractee. Generally, courts do not approve of a contract which entered into by a person who is voluntarily drunk because he is not in a position to understand what the contract entails.  

In this case, Bruce was so drunk that he did not knew that he was actually bidding at the auction. The auctioneer, however, knew this. Under the contractual laws, Bruce was technically not bound to the legal obligations. However, there is a catch in the story. In this case, Bruce was owed up to his legal obligations once he sobered up. He would have escaped the liability of the auction contract by simply disavowing it as soon as he sobered up but he did not do this. As a matter of fact he reiterated the terms of his contract once he had sobered up. As a result, this contract would be legally binding.

Therefore, the contract will be a valid contract and Bruce will be bound by the contract with auctioneer. Further, he will have to fulfill all his obligations under the contract.

How MyAssignmenthelp.com can help students to write business law assignments?

MyAssignmenthelp.com is one of the best educational service provider portals in the world. Our team of subject experts is always ready to help students in writing assignments, project, essays or theses. We have a strong editorial team with efficient copy editors. Our law assignment help team is well aware of the legal systems of Australia, UK and US. We ensure timely service and 100 percent plagiarism-free copies. Our expertise includes business law help, building and construction law help, administrative law help etc. We have plenty of sample legal case studies uploaded on our website, which can be browsed by students at leisure.

Apart from law, our subject expertise extends to management, nursing and computer programming. Within the larger domain of management, we help out in essays, assignments and dissertations in human resources, finance and accounting, marketing etc.

In order to get help on business law assignment or any other assignment for that matter, just follow the simple steps:

  • Log on to our website and fill out the application form. You can also talk to our experts 24x7. You will have to provide us with the details of your assignment.
  • You will get a prompt response from our side. Our team will contact you with free assignment help quotes.
  • Finally, you will have to pay using any one of our multiple payment options. Once done you will reactive your assignment on the day mentioned in your mailbox.
Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Introduction For Business Law Assignment Answers”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *