Ghazal Mimi Khalvati Essay Definition

In this answer, I shall explain how poetic techniques emphasize the poet's message and how to explain this in your essays. This answer will focus on why poets use these devices, rather than a list of poetic devices and how to spot them.

 

When writing an essay on poetry, it is vital that instead of simply pointing out the poetic techniques the poet has used, that you explain HOW these affect the poet's message. This is particularly important for exams in which the poems are 'seen' poems, rather than 'unseen' poems.

 

Students do need to do the same thing when writing an essay on ‘unseen’ poems, and I would be happy to explain to any students who wished me to tutor them how to do this. However, in this answer I shall focus on preparing ‘seen’ poems.

 

When preparing for an exam that includes 'seen' poetry, it is wise to take a methodical approach. First, you should consider the theme of the poem you are studying. For the sake of example, let’s say you are studying poetry that explores relationships. Within these poems common themes you may encounter could include love, intimacy, trust- or conversely, the feeling of loss.

 

The poem ‘Ghazal’ by Mimi Khalvati is based on a relationship, and was part of the GCSE Anthology ‘Moon on the Tides’. The word ‘Ghazal’ is actually a name for a particular type of poem that typically explores the pain associated with love, yet still celebrates the beauty of love. Thus we can expect the themes in this poem to be both loss and an ode to love.

 

Within the poem Khalvati utilises alliteration, for example “you are the breeze, blow through me”. Notice the ‘b’ is the subject of alliteration. ‘B’ is a plosive sound, meaning that in order for the mouth to sound this sound, air must first be blocked to a part of the mouth creating pressure. When this pressure is released and air is allowed to pass through the mouth again, the sound is produced. Here we have identified two poetic devices, and now we shall consider their effect upon the poem’s meaning.

 

Consider why using alliteration and a plosive sound might emphasize the theme of love within the poem. Well, we know the theme of this poem is both the beauty of love and the pain it causes. Perhaps then Khalvati uses plosive sounds to represent the sense of separation between the two lovers. The stop of air in the reader’s mouth perfectly represents the imperfect union Khalvati mourns within the poem. The alliteration perhaps represents Khlavati’s plea for her lover to “pursue me”, and the two ‘b’ sounds occur in quick succession, as if the sounds are in a chase.

 

In the above example, you should notice how I have linked the techniques to their explanations, rather than focusing on the explanation itself. See that I have tried to think of how the technique may mimic the theme of the poem. I have tried to think of how the two words beginning with ‘b’ placed next to each other may represent the feeling of romantic pursuit.

 

You can use this method for every poem and sound technique you may come across. In a war poem you may want to reflect on how a plosive sound would affect the reader differently than it does in a romantic poem. In a war poem the plosive sound would also serve well to reflect death, or perhaps the feeling of fear. More obviously, the plosive sounds may mimic the sound of bullets or bombs, or perhaps even the feeling of shell shock after an explosion.

 

I use another particular technique that I developed during my own GCSE’s that makes learning these explanations easy, and organizes them onto one piece of paper per poem. I have tested out this technique with a GCSE class at the school I used to attend, during a teacher experience day that I took part in. The teacher who supervised my lesson was so impressed with this technique that she now gives out a template of it to her GCSE pupils to fill in themselves. I would be happy to share this technique with any students who wish me to tutor them. 

Ghazal by Mimi Khalvati

  • Length: 629 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - More ↓
Khalvati uses a charming and seductive persona to readily demonstrate the feelings the speaker has for their beloved who is unattainable and beyond their reach and to also explore the different aspect of love such as love can be calm and contemplative as suggested by the ‘grass’ and ‘breeze’ . The relationship is first conveyed through the statement ‘if I am the grass and you the breeze, blow through me’ this is very sentimental and has a big emphasis on the power and beauty of nature contrasted with the easily changeable and equally powerful human emotion but it also establishes a very slow pace as to which the relationship is building. Also the underlying symbolism of the imagery being conveyed gives the reader a feeling of unease at the nature of power in this relationship. For example if you are a ‘breeze’ how powerful are you really from influence of the speaker I think this gives the impression that the love may not be genuine and the relationship maybe built on just the attractiveness of the speaker. Also ‘grass’ is very weak and I think this further emphasises how weak, manipulated and easily controlled the beloved is and that the beloved is presented as powerless to resist his or her feelings in the relationship whether they be true or not. Also ‘if’ makes the speaker sound wistful and full of desire for a relationship that is unfulfilling but beginning the couplet with ‘if’ creates a condition which is usually fulfilled in the second half.
Also the relationship is presented through Form. Ghazal contains at least ten shers each of them a single stanza but each developing a central argument for the speakers love and the shers also contains its own metaphor in which to express the speakers longing. The shers are also linked through a refrain which runs throughout the poem for example ‘woo me’, ‘cue me’ and ‘tattoo me’ which are all euphemisms for a romantic relationship and are seductive phrases that are targeted to the beloved from the speaker. This builds a powerful repetitive rhythm which lends itself to persuasion and suggests Khalvati’s first name, Mimi (me me). It is almost as if each refrain is a knocking at the door of the beloved’s heart and, with enough knocking, the door must surely open. In the last sher Khalvati signs her name ‘twice the me’ which is ghazal convention but she is not doing this exactly.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Ghazal by Mimi Khalvati." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Mar 2018
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=230681>.

LengthColor Rating 
Faiz Ahmad Faiz Going Between Ghazal and Politic Essay - Faiz Ahmed Faiz was born in 1911 in Sialkot and was educated in Lahore, where he studied English literature and philosophy. As a poet, Faiz began writing on the conventional topics of passion and beauty, but soon these conventional themes get submerged in the bigger social and political events of the day. The traditional grieves of love get fused with the travails of the afflicted humanity, and Faiz uses his poetry to champion the cause of socialism humanism. Consequently, the familiar imagery of a love-poet acquires new meanings in the hands of Faiz......   [tags: imagery, metaphor, poet]
:: 3 Works Cited
1508 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays[preview]
The Biopower of Beauty Essay - In “The Biopower of Beauty: Humanitarian Imperialism and Global Feminism in an Age of Terror,” Mimi Thi Nguyen argues that beauty as a measure of moral character functions to regulate an individual. Nguyen explains that beauty promises to be redemptive and bring an individual from the outside in relation with the world(362). For example, the United States through nongoverenmental orgainizations (NGO’s), have promoted beauty to Afghanistan women because it is a way if liberating them from an uncivilized barbaric society that oppresses them to hide their beauty through the veil....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Mimi Thi Nguyen]1122 words
(3.2 pages)
Good Essays[preview]
Essay on The Life of A-Ghazali - ... At a time where Greek philosophy was influencing many Muslim thinkers, Al-Ghazali believed that Neo-platonic philosophy mainly was conflicting with Islamic teachings. On the other hand, Sufism was also being evolved into beliefs that were un-Islamic. Ghazali with his knowledge and personal mystical experience set out to rectify these trends. In philosophy, Ghazali wrote a book entitled ‘The Incoherrence of the Philosophers’. It played a pivotal role in Islamic epistemology disapproving Muslim philosophers like Ibn-Sina and Al-Farabi....   [tags: theologian, sunni denomination]767 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Neoplatonic Thinkers: Ghazali Essays - In the history of concepts, there is no concern that Al-Ghazali’s figure emerges as one of the best Western thinkers. Considered as the prominent Sunni theologian that ever lived, Al-Ghazali’s polemic againstNeoplatonic thinkers, mainly Ibn Sina, dealt a fatal rage to philosophy within Islamic world. Written following his period of private study of philosophy, and completed in 1094 CE, Tahafut al-Falasifa carried the purpose of pursuing the analysis of reason that inspired his stint of cynicism, and was attempting to illustrate that reason is not self-reliant in the sphere of metaphysics and is incapable out of itself to construct an absolute world-view....   [tags: theologian, god, philosophy]750 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
The Ideas of Al-Ghazali, Maimonides, and Calvin on Education Essay - Two early philosopher who made contributions to the ideas present in education today were Abu Hamind ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali and Moses Maimonides. Some of the issues which they felt most strongly about were their attitudes towards students’ free time, teaching methods, and student-teacher relationships. The two philosophers presented ideas that were similar to one another, and some that differed as well. Al-Ghazali was one of the most influential thinkers on education in Islamic history. He was known as a student eager to learn, a teacher sharing his knowledge, and a scholar finding even more knowledge in the Islamic world....   [tags: religious belief, philosophy]
:: 6 Works Cited
1682 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays[preview]
Al-Ghazali: Religious Scholar, Legalist, Sufi, and Critic of Philosophy Essay example - Al-Ghazali, his full name being Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali, was an important and dominant figure among philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics in the Sunni Islam religion. Historians put his birth at 1058 or 1059 in the city of Tabaran-Tus; fifteen miles north of modern day Meshed in north eastern Iran. However his personal letters and autobiography state that his birth was around 1055 or 1056 (Griffel 2009, 23–25). Despite this clerical difference, Al-Ghazali was active in a period when Sunni theology had entered a time of passionate disputes among the Shiite Ismalite theology, as well as the Arabic tradition of falsafa....   [tags: theology, religion, ethics, autobiography]
:: 6 Works Cited
1049 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
The History of Islamic Political Ideas Essay - ... The analysis of his ideas regarding political issues reveals that he was a free thinker. He preferred suni tradition. Most likely he devoted his work to suni jurist and moralists. He encountered the problem of how to strengthen united Muslims and their state. So he worked on the problems of political centralization. It will be better to understand the problems encountered by al-Ghazali before understanding political theory given by him. Problems faced by Al-Ghazali: No aspect of the political theory of Ghazali will be complete without analyzing the condition of Muslim world at that time....   [tags: Al-Ghazali, caliph, sultan]547 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Essay about Truth Evident in the Many Beliefs of Al-Ghazali and Aquinas - Truth Evident in the Many Beliefs of Al-Ghazali and Aquinas At first glance the words “Tradition” and “tradition” may appear to be identical concepts. Upon further study, examination, and contemplation, however, these two words differ in their precise definitions. “Tradition” carries more weight and meaning than the word “tradition.” Similarly, “Truth” and “truth” do not denote the exact same principle. In fact, philosophers and religious scholars have been debating the origins of the latter two doctrines since the Middle Ages....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
1815 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
The Meanest Doll In The World By Ann M. Martin and Laura Godwin Essay - Exposition: Annabelle Doll is no ordinary doll, when she was being manufactured; she and a few other dolls took the doll oath which said that dolls were allowed to be alive. If a doll who had taken the oath accidentally been seen by humans, the first time they would be in TDS or Temporary Doll State; the second time they would be put in PDS or Permanent Doll State. If a doll were to be seen moving by a human and they purposely were seen they would be put into PDS. Annabelle Doll was an old style, Victorian doll made of china, she was passed down three generations, but when the third generations family needed another dollhouse play set for their youngest daughter they bought a plastic one....   [tags: Summary Meanest Doll]1302 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
John Lennon Essay - As most musicans do, John had a very problematic early childhood. He was born on October 9th 1940, during one of the most horrific bomb raids of Liverpool. In fact, the raid was so bad, that baby John was put under a table to protect him, and his Aunt Mimi risked her life to come to see him. His father, Alfred, was a merchant seamen so he was away a great deal and Julia, his mother, was very free spirited and was the main source for some of John's entertaining personality. Because of Julia's personality it was decided that Mimi, her much more strict sister, would raise John with her husband George....   [tags: Biography]1119 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]




The speaker offers herself as a symbol of victory for the beloved. For example ‘laurel leaf in your crown’ which presents the theme of love. We associate laurel leaves with roman emperors and they often won these after long struggles. This imagery suggest the beloved is hard to reach and presents the theme of impossible love as this gives the reader the impression that the relationship is likely to be beyond their reach. This also suggests that even though the relationship has been difficult that the beloved will be rewarded when he ‘places his arms around her bark’. The metaphorical language of the ‘tree’ suggests that the love is solid and everlasting. But the strange part of this image is ‘arms never new’ which gives the reader a sense that the lover is fantasising about a physical relationship and that her words are sentimental and not based on facts. This statement is also alluding to Apollo the god of music and reminisces about how he chased his love, a nymph through a forest and then nature changed her to laurel tree. Then Apollo embraced the tree and made a crown out of evergreen leaves. So the ‘laurel leaf’ suggest that the love between the speaker and the beloved is eternal and that Khalvati is imagining herself in her lovers arms but still admitting like Apollo and Daphne there ‘arms never knew’ which suggest that they have never shared a physical embrace.







Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Ghazal Mimi Khalvati Essay Definition”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *